Dayanzhen Ancient Town
old town of Lijiang is also called Dayanzhen, famous for its
scientific architectural layout. Crisscrossed by crystal-clear
rivers and meandering cobbled streets, it has a high research
value and is a treasure in the field of urban construction
Lijiang Town was built at the end of the
Song Dynasty and the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, leaning
on the Lion Mountain in the west and Xiangmian Mountain in
the north. Surrounded by green trees, it looks like a big
ink stone. Hence its name Dayan which means a big ink stone.
The town has the Sifang (Square) Street as the centre, with
radiating lanes arranged in good order, and three rivulets
( the east, the middle and the west) running through the town.
Thus is formed the unique aspect of an ancient town of "every
house being surrounded by a stream, and willows upon willows
making it surpass the south of the Yangtze." The streets are
paved with variegated stones, which make them neither muddy
in the rainy season nor dusty in the dry season. In addition,
a downpour which washes the dirt away reveals the gleaming
variegated drain of the paving stone.
ancient town is also famous for having no walls. It is said
that the hereditary ruler of Lijiang used to be surnamed Mu,
to have Mu encased with a frame or a wall would be Kun, which
means in Chinese siege or predicament. That is why the town
has had no walls, and the graceful surrounding mountains serve
as such instead.
The ancient town looks unsophisticated and
picturesque, having both the benefit of a watery and a mountainous
environment, thus gaining renown from both domestic and foreign
tourists. A professor of Shanghai's Tongji University praised
it for being "an epitome of the splendid Chinese national
tradition in terms of architectural style and disposition."
Related tours: All of our Yunnan
tour packages to Lijiang include
the visit of the ancient town.