Cangshan Mountain, also known as Diancangshan,
is located at the southern end of the Yunling Mountains
and forms a trailing section of the Hengduan (transversely
faulted) Mountains. Cangshan is always jade-green, hence
the name. Cangshan Mountain stretches from Shangguan
(Upper Pass) in the north to Xiaguan (Lower Pass) in
the south, and touches the limpid water of Erhai Lake
in the east and reaches the turbulent Heihuijiang River
in the west. It measures 42 km. from south to north
and 20 km. from east to west. The mountain range comprises
19 peaks and 18 brooks. The names of the peaks are as
follows: Yunlong Peak, Canglang Peak, Wutai Peak, Lianhua
Peak, Baiyun Peak, Heyun Peak, Sanyang Peak, Lanfeng
Peak, Xueren Peak, Yingyue Peak, Xiaocen Peak, Zhonghe
Peak, Longquan Peak, YujuPeak, Malong Peak, Shengying
Peak, Foding Peak, Ma'er Peak and Xieyang Peak. Malong
Peak is the highest, measuring 4,122 metres above sea
level, while the rest of the peaks average over 3,500
metres in elevation, and are covered with snow throughout
There are 18 brooks among the peaks.
They rush down torrentially into Erhai Lake. From north
to south, the 18 brooks are respectively named the Xiayi,
Wanhua, Yang, Mangyong, Jing, Lingquan, Baishi, Shuangynan,
Yinxian, Mei, Tao, Zhong, Luyu, Long, Qingbi, Mocan,
Tingming and Yuangnan Brooks.
The vegetation over Cangshan Mountain
has a distinctive distribution and it is a treasure
house of more than 3,000 species of plants, mainly consisting
of evergreen coniferous trees, shrubs and grasses. In
spring and summer, azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons
bloom in profusion over an infinite expanse.
Cangshan Mountain is famous for the
following eight scenic wonders named in the Qing Dynasty:
Painted Screens at Rosy Dawn, Spring Snow on Cangshan,
the Belt of Clouds across Autumnal Cangshan, the Radiance
of Phoenixes'Eyes, Multistage Falls of Limpid water,
Clouds Hovering over Yuju Peak, Clear Streams Running
over the Pebble Bed in Early Winter, and Rosy Clouds
at Sunset. The Clouds Hovering over Yuju Peak, believed
to resemble the blank wife who is longing in rain for
the return of her husband, has evoked a touching legend.
Hence the more popular name "the Cloud Longing for the
Return of Her Husband" (Wang Fu Yun). The story goes
like this: In the days of Nanzhao, Ah Feng, the sweet
princes of the King of Nanzhao fell in love with ah
Long, a poor young hunter. The king was enraged and
had the young man killed and thrown into Erhai Lake.
Ah Feng, the princess in turn died and became a white
cloud - the Longing-for-Husband Cloud floating over
Cangshan Mountain - waiting for her husband to appear.
The story praises the unswerving loyalty in love between
Ah Feng and Ah Long.
tours to Cangshan Mountain
Cloth with Wax
In Hongshengsi Temple
In Memory Of Kublai Khan's Conquest Of Yunnan