Black Dragon Pool
As the water is as green and
lucid as jade, the pond is also entitled "Jade Fountain".
On the bank of the pond willows hang their withes like
silk thread. One can see arbours and pavilions beside
the pond, temples hidden in the trees and variegated
flowers found everywhere. "A tree of cherry blossom
accompanies a tree of willow, while a rose climbs to
the tip of one of a tree's twigs." That is how the calm
and exquisite view of the place is described. Longshen
Pavilion on the east side of the park was built in the
second year of the Qianglong era of the Qing Dynasty.
In its five compounds are grown over 500 kinds of flowers,
their grace and beauty all defy description. It is therefore
praised thus: "At Yuchuan the flowers of the four seasons
are like embroidered brocade". Emperor Jiaqing and Emperor
Guanxu conferred on it royal honours for its famed excellence.
Deyue Pavilion was rebuilt in 1963.
The poet Guo Moruo dedicated two couplets to it. One
reads: 'The vernal breeze caresses thousands of willow
withes, the view is splendid only in this part. Three
million jade dragons fly in the heaven, so ravishing
is nature's charm." The other reads: "Thirteen peaks
are reflected in the Dragon Pond with diving dragons
up in heaven and flying dragons down on earth. Jade
waters flow half a li, with jet the body and turquoise
At the north end of the park there
stands the famous Five-Phoenix Pavilion also called
Fayun Pavilion, built in the 29th year of the Wanli
era of the Ming Dynasty. It is the main building of
Fuguosi Temple, with a height of 20 m. and in the style
of flying cornices and threefold overlap. Since the
ground floor has octagonal flying cornices, the threefold
overlap makes up 24 angles; so from every viewpoint
the pavilion looks like five phoenixes spreading their
wings for flight. Hence its name. The structure is built
on a noble scale, with elaborate carvings, redolent
of antiquity and a strong local flavour as well as distinctive
The pavilion was originally built
on a mountain far away from the town. For the convenience
of visitors, it was moved to this park and constructed
by the side of Deyue Pavilion, to the mutual enhancement
of their splendour. Its reflection in the clear water
of the Jade Fountain makes the view all the more exquisite.
In the 12th year of the Chongzhen era of the Ming Dynasty
(1639), the famous traveller Xu Xiake came here on his
tour and stayed for eight days in the pavilion, which
he took as a fortune.
Related tours: All of our Yunnan
& Kunming tours
to Lijiang include the visit
of the Black Dragon Pool in Jade Fountain Park.