Simao County, Frontier
Town Of South Yunnan
County is situated in the south of Yunnan, with a total area
of 3,867 sq. km. It has a population of 126,000 people, made
up of more than 20 nationalities such as the Hans, Dais, Hanis,
Was, Huis and so on, of whom 18.8% are minority nationalities.
The county seat Simao Town is 570 km, from Kunming by motor
road, 305 km. by air, and 163 km. from Jinghong County by
motor road. Simao Town is where the prefectural office and
the people's government of the county are located, and is
a key point in the traffic to Lancang, Ximeng, Menglian, Jiangcheng
and other counties in South Yunnan, hence the name "the gateway
to South Yunnan" and "a key garrison town on the southern
The climate of Simao is
very mild, not severely cold in winter nor
unbearably hot in summer. The annual mean
temperature is 17.7 C, and the yearly average
rainfall 1,535.4 mm., with a frostless period
of 325 days. It is an excellent health resort
with green hills all around, perpetual streams
meandering across the fields, flowers blooming
and birds singing everywhere; the four seasons
are as warm as spring.
Simao County is very rich
in natural resources and ideal for tourism,
with beautiful landscapes and various attractions.
Forest coverage of the county is 61.2%.
Meizihu Park, situated in the southeast
of the county, is completely embraced by
green hills, just like a piece of emerald
inlaid amidst a sea of forests. There are
motor boats and little rowboats for the
visitors to ride in, and restaurants for
them to have some refreshments. Ximahe (horse-washing
river) Park, situated in the east of the
city, has beautiful surroundings with many
carved galloping horses about to rush forward.
The Cuiyun Scenic Resort is the best place
for tourists who are interested in karst
grottoes. There are already four grottoes
open to tourism, namely the Grotto of the
Immortals, the Grotto of Guanyin (Avalokitesvara),
the Rainbow Grotto and the Water Screen
Manzhongtian Hot spring
and the thousands of mu of grazing grassland
in the east of the city present a magnificent
view. The Caiyanghe Nature Reserve in the
south of the county boasts an area of 100,000
mu, and is covered with dense virgin forests
in which are found great varieties of rare
and precious tropical plants and many species
of rare and near-extinct animals.
Lancangjiang which lies in the west of the county is one of
the first batch of landscape nature reserves under state protection.
The famous Big and Small Lushan Mountains are endowed with
myriads of grotesque looking rocks of every description. On
the banks of the Lancangjiang River 90 km. away from the county
there is a giant waterfall called the Nanpahe Fall with a
drop of more than 150 m. cascading down among green trees,
just like "the Milky Way dropping down from the Ninth Heaven"
as is described in a Tang poem, so full of colour and fascinatingly
The Little Ganlanba to
the southwest of the county is endowed not
only with important historical cultural
relics including the remains of the Paleolithic
and Neolithic epochs, bronzeware and cliff
paintings of the Yuan Dynasty, but also
with subtropical scenery and attractions.
Tourists can also make a boat ride from
here along the Lancanjiang River and get
to Jiughong County in three hours, feasting
their eyes on the natural beauty of riverside
In ancient times Simao
was known as Sigongbu, and in the Ming dynasty
it was called Simaozhai. In the 7th year
of the Yongzheng era of the Qing Dynasty
(1729) the administrative body Tongpan was
first established on the old site of Simaozhai.
In the 13th year of the Yongzheng era (1735)
the designation of Tongpan was changed into
Ting. In 1913, Simaoting was renamed Simao
County. In August 1, 1949 the Provisional
People's Government of Simao County was
established; in 1954 the First Peoples Congress
of the County convened and the People's,
Government of Simao County was officially
established. In December 1958 Si mao County
was disbanded and merged with Pu'er County.
On May 9, 1981, under the approval of the
State Council, Simao County was re-established.