Yunnan Economy And Society
is still one of the less-developed areas in China in terms
of its overall economic power, due to its mountainous terrain
and bad communications with the outside world. However, great
progress has been made in the past decades of years.
Yunnan depends on agriculture. According
to statistics, 87% of the inhabitants in Yunnan live in the
countryside, and more than 80% of the government tax comes
from the farmers. With the rich flora resources, Yunnan has
become one of the main producers of tobacco, sugar, fresh
flowers, and rubber in China.
The development of industry in Yunnan has
been in a low level. Agriculture-related Industries, such
as Tobacco processing and production of cigarettes are the
backbones of Yunnan's industry. Many cigarette brands are
well-known both at home and abroad. Meanwhile, nonferrous
metal refining is also an important part of the industry.
Yunnan has a rich deposit of copper, tin, lead, and zinc.
Water resources and coal deposit are also abundant, which
pushes ahead the development of electricity-generating industry.
In 1912, the first hydropower plant of China was built in
recent years, tourist industry has become a highlight in the
economic development of Yunnan. The local governments at different
levels attached great importance to tourism. Now more and
more people get to know Yunnan and come to visit. Especially,
since Yunnan held the World Horticultural Exposition in 1999,
tourism has been growing at an unprecedented fast pace.
Yunnan's development of education lags behind
the average level of China. Though the nine-year compulsory
schooling program has been carried out decades of years ago,
it has not progressed smoothly in many poor parts of Yunnan.
In terms of cultural field, Yunnan, however,
is well-known for its distinctive and various forms. Local
operas, folk songs, music, and dances are all popular around
the province. Meanwhile, many troupes were set up, which enriched
local people's lives and helped visitors have a better understanding